Functions to extract or replace the diagonals of an array, or construct a diagonal array.

diagonal(x = 1, dim = rep(2, 2))

diagonal(x) <- value

## Arguments

x

an array from which to extract the diagonals, or a vector giving the diagonal values to construct the array.

dim

the dimensions of the (square) array to construct when x is a vector.

value

vector giving the values of the diagonal entries.

## Value

Vector of the diagonal entries of x if x is an array. If x is a vector, returns the diagonal array with the entries given by x.

## Functions

• diagonal(x) <- value: set diagonals.

Other tensor algebra: contraction(), delta(), einstein(), epsilon(), index()

## Examples

### 3x3 matrix
diagonal(x = 1, dim = c(3,3))
#>      [,1] [,2] [,3]
#> [1,]    1    0    0
#> [2,]    0    1    0
#> [3,]    0    0    1

### 2x2x2 array
diagonal(x = 1:2, dim = c(2,2,2))
#> , , 1
#>
#>      [,1] [,2]
#> [1,]    1    0
#> [2,]    0    0
#>
#> , , 2
#>
#>      [,1] [,2]
#> [1,]    0    0
#> [2,]    0    2
#>

### extract diagonals
x <- diagonal(1:5, dim = c(5,5,5))
diagonal(x)
#>  1 2 3 4 5

### set diagonals
x <- array(0, dim = c(2,2,2))
diagonal(x) <- 1:2
x
#> , , 1
#>
#>      [,1] [,2]
#> [1,]    1    0
#> [2,]    0    0
#>
#> , , 2
#>
#>      [,1] [,2]
#> [1,]    0    0
#> [2,]    0    2
#>